This is a partial list of graduate schools which have programs in cryptography and security. It lists professors of note; some of these are not in crypto or security per se, but are doing work I think is interesting.
I'm putting it on the Web in case it might be useful for someone else. I apologize in advance for any omissions; no offense is intended! I would like to keep the list up to date, but people move frequently. Please send corrections and suggestions to me at email@example.com. I'll keep up as best I can. I also make no warranty that any of the people on this list are or are not looking for students; this changes even more frequently.
You may also want to check out the list of U.S. National Security Agency Centers of Academic Excellence.
Ordering is not significant, except I place Berkeley first because I'm attending there, and Harvard second because I went there for undergrad.
School Professors of Note UC Berkeley Wagner, Tygar, Trevisan, Joseph, Sastry, Necula, Rao, Papadimitriou, U. Vazirani Harvard Rabin, Vadhan, Valiant, Mitzenmacher MIT Goldwasser, Micali, Rivest, Spielman, Kaashoek, Kelner U Texas - Austin Chang, Shmatikov, Zuckerman Stevens Wright, Wetzel, Compagnoni, Duggan, Naumann Indiana Jakobsson, Camp, Hill, Myers, Wang, Connelly, Gupta UIllinois - Chicago DJ Bernstein UI - Urbana-Champaign Borisov, Gunter, Hu, Prabhakaran Macquarie - Australia Contini, Pieprzyk, Shparlinski, Wang DTU - Denmark Knudsen Florida Atlantic Hofman, Klingler, Magliveras, Mullin, Piper, Schmidmeier, Wei BU Reyzin, Levin UCLA Ostrovsky, Sahai, Silverberg U. College London Desmedt Northeastern Chan, Gassko Bristol Smart, Vercauteren Dresden A. Pfitzmann U-Calgary Williams, Jacobson, Scheidler Bar Ilan U Herzberg, Aumann Brown Hoffstein, Silverman, Pipher, Lysyanskaya Purdue Spafford, Atallah, Wagstaff Thammasat U (Thailand) Namprempre Portland State U Shrimpton UMichigan Honeyman (the one and only!) UChicago Babai, Mulmuley, Fortnow (not so much crypto) Royal Institute, Sweden Hastad UWaterloo Menenzes, Vanstone, Teske, Stinson, Goldberg Carleton van Oorschot UMontreal Brassard, Tapp, Wolf UToronto Rackoff, Blake, Mendelsohn Queen's U Tavares Yale Feigenbaum, Kannan, Fischer McGill Crepeau, Brands Memorial Newfoundland Heys Johns Hopkins Shapiro, Rubin, Monrose, Ateniese Columbia Bellovin, Yung, Malkin, JI, Servedio UMaryland Katz, Gasarch, Gligor, Sherman Stanford Boneh, Mitchell, Mazieres, Dwork (at MSR-Silicon Valley) CMU Rudich, Blum^3, Song, Perrig, Reiter, Wang U Tartu (Estonia) Lipmaa, Laud, Buldas Ecole Normale Sup Stern, Pointcheval UC - Davis Rogaway, Franklin, Bishop, Levitt, Wu, Chen UC - San Diego Bellare, Miccancio, Impagliazzo UC - Irvine Jarecki, Silverberg, Tsudik UColorado - Boulder Black U Tokyo / NTT T. Okamoto UEC Ohta Princeton Arora, Felten, Barak, Freedman Tsinghua (PRC) Wang, Yao ETH Zurich Maurer BRICS/Uni Aarhus Damg*ard CWI (Netherlands) Cramer EPFL Vaudenay, Lenstra Leuven Preneel U Luxemburg Biryukov, J-S Coron Louvain-la-Neuve Quisquater Florida State Burmester Weizmann Goldreich, Shamir, Goldwasser, Naor, Reingold Technion Biham U Georgia - Athens Lieman Georgia Tech Boldyreva, Ding, Lipton, V. Vazirani U Wisconsin Bach NYU Dodis, Shoup Bochum U Dobbertin, Paar, Sadeghi Rochester Hemaspaandra, Ogihara (structural complexity) Goethe U, Frankfurt Schnorr Royal Holloway Murphy, Robshaw, Blackburn, Piper, Galbraith Cambridge Anderson, Kuhn UWashington Anderson, Bershad, borriello, Dittrich, Gribble, Grossman, Koblitz, Kohno, Krishnamurthy, Landay, Lee, Levy, Poovendran, Suciu, Wetherall, MS affiliates. TU Darmstadt Buchmann, May, Boehmer SUNY Binghamton Craver, Fridrich Dartmouth Pomerance, Smith U Zagreb, Croatia Rosenzweig, Dujella Concordia Bhattacharya, Assi Graz U of Tech Rijmen Middle East Tech. U Ali Doganaksoy, Ersan Akyildiz, Emrah Cakcak Ferruh Ozbudak